病毒Virus SW 80/100常见问题

How is the Virus SW 80/100 different from the Virus 912?
Virus SW 80/100 与 Virus 912 有什么区别?
The entire structure on the Virus SW is completely new from ground up. Reinforced fuselage, reinforced tail, reinforced wings, everything is here to provide the correct strength required to go up to speed safely. We managed to produce an aircraft much stronger than before, using advanced honeycomb techniques and other special approaches to composite building.
Virus SW拥有全新的整体结构,全新的机身,全新的尾翼,和更坚固的机翼,
一切都是为了在高速飞行下打造一个更安全的飞机。我们的目标是利用先进的蜂窝技术和其他新技术建造一架比以前更坚固的飞机。

The biggest difference one notices externally is of course the smaller 10.71 m (35 ft) wingspan and the all new horizontal tailplane (much smaller span, reduced by 80 cm/31.5 inch). All in all, Virus SW 80/100 is a brand new aircraft build to last, faster, stronger, safer and more maneuvrable!
整架飞机最大的区别是他有一个娇小的外形10.71 m(35英尺)的翼展和全新的水平尾翼(更小的跨度,缩减了80厘米/31.5英寸)。所以说,Virus SW 80/100是一架全新的飞机,它更快、更强、更安全、更灵活!

How much difference is there in the speed envelope between classic Virus and Virus SW 80/100?
原款Virus与VirusSW 80/100之间的速度包线有多大区别?
Maneouvering speed was raised from 141 km/h (76kts) to 174 km/h (93 kts), turbulence penetration speed (green arc) was raised from 141 km/h (76kts) to 250 km/h (135 kts) and the VNE from 249 km/h (135 kts) to 302 km/h (163 kts). This means that you can cruise through heavy turbulence at speeds which were before beyond red-line speeds for the original Virus 912. The new Virus SW has the largest flight safety margins in its category and can be equipped with the total rescue system, which can be deployed even at maximum speeds (the parachute rescue system is rated for 310 km/h (167 kts)) and close to the terrain.
机动速度从141公里/小时(76kts)上升至174公里/小时(93 kts),巡航速度从141公里/小时(76kts)提高到250公里/小时(135 kts),极限速度由249公里/小时(135 kts)上升至302公里/小时(163 kts)。这就意味着你可以在颠簸中高速巡航,而这一速度比原款Virus912要快得多。新型Virus在飞行安全方面有明显优势,配备完整的降落伞救生系统,即使在最高速度下也可以使用(降落伞救生系统最大使用速度为310公里/小时(167 kts))并且在近地情况下仍然可以使用。

Slow flying performance and behaviour however stays the same as with other Pipistrel aircraft. The Virus SW 80/100 remains stable and conforms with the microlight/ultralight rules in Europe (stall speed 64 km/h at 472.5 kg). The S-Wing also conforms with LSA rules for stall performance (below 45 KCAS in clean configuration).
低速飞行时的性能和操作基本一样。该Virus80/100完全符合欧洲轻型类飞机要求(472.5公斤时失速速度为64公里/小时)。s翼也符合轻型运动类飞机规定的失速性能(在光洁形态下低于45 KCAS)

What is the width of the cabin?
客舱宽度是多少?
110 cm (43.3 inch) at shoulders, 114 cm (45 inch) at bottom of seat.
肩部宽度为110厘米(43.3英寸),座椅底部宽度为114厘米(45英寸)。

How much is the payload?
有效载荷是多少?
Virus SW 80/100 is a remarkable aircraft – it can lift more than its own weight! With a standard empty weight of 287-289 kg (631-635 lbs) and the maximum structural weight of 600 kg (1320 lbs) – depending on certificate – the payload is more then 300 kg (660 lbs!). Fuel fuel payload is at least 226 kg (497 lbs), which is enough for two large pilots and full luggage. With the Virus SW, you are effectively never overweight!
Virus SW 80/100是一款非凡的飞机——它能携带比自身重量还重的东西!标准空机重量为287-289公斤(631-635磅),最大结构重量600公斤(1320磅),认证后,有效载荷为300公斤(660磅)满油后有效载荷至少为226公斤(497磅),足够带下两个大型体格飞行员和全部行李。可以说有了Virus SW,你永远不会超重!

What are the ultimate load factors and the design weight for the Virus SW?
Virus的最终载荷因素和设计重量是多少?
The operational envelope is rated at +4 G, -2 G at 600 kg, which is the design load of the aeroplane. This means that the structure must withstand at least as safety factor of 1.875 more at 600 kgs. This calculates to at least +7.5 G and – 3.75 G at 600 kg! However the Virus SW is much stronger than this as certain main structural components are able to withstand more than 10 G of load, which was proven during a higly elaborate structural testing. Considering the legal limitation of 472.5 kg the safety factory then become much much larger than what is the industry standard… With Pipistrel, safety is never compromised!
600公斤全重时操作载荷包线为+4 G, – 2g,此为飞机的设计载荷限制。这意味着在600公斤时 该结构必须承受至少1.875倍的设计载荷,终得到 +7.5 G和- 3.75 G(600公斤)。然而Virus SW真实强度比这要高的多,原因在于部分主要的结构组件能够承受超过10G的负载,这在结构测试中得到了证实。 因为考虑到472.5 kg的法律限制,可以看出Pipistrel设计标准远高于行业标准!

Fuel consumption:
燃油消耗
The measured and published fuel consumption is valid for 75% cruise parameters.
With the Virus SW 80 this is 27.2 InHg and 5000 RPM (as per Rotax datasheets) and the consumption is 13.6 lph (3.6 gph) at 246 km/h (133 kts).
The Virus SW 100 at 26.5 InHg and 5000 RPM (as per Rotax datasheets) consumes 17.8 lph (4.7 gph) while cruising at 273 km/h (147 kts).
测量和公布的燃料消耗只来自巡航时以75%输出功率设置得出的。
Virus SW 80,在27.2 InHg 5000 RPM(根据Rotax参数),燃油消耗为13.6 lph (3.6 gph) 巡航速度为246公里/小时(133 kts)。
Virus SW 100在26.5 InHg 5000 RPM(根据Rotax 参数),燃油消耗为17.8 lph (4.7 gph),而巡航速度为273公里/小时(147 kts)。
People often ask – can you cruise the 100 HP version at around 240 km/h (130 kts) with the same fuel consumption like the 80 HP version? The answer is no – due to the completely different combination of the engine and propeller. At lower speeds, the Virus SW 100 will be about 1 lph (0.25 gph) more thirsty than the Virus SW 80. That being said, you need to know that the Virus SW 100 is designed and build to cruise faster and safer than any other aircraft in this class.
人们经常会问:在240公里/小时(130 kts)巡航时 100 HP和80 HP 油耗是否一样 ?答案是否定的,因为这两款飞机的发动机和螺旋桨配置完全不同。在较低的速度下,Virus SW 100将会比Virus 80更耗油,多1 lph (0.25 gph),因为Virus SW 100在设计上比同级别飞机更快更安全。
Another question which is quite typical – Can I fly the Virus SW 80 with 9.5 lp/h travelling at the Virus 912 cruise speed (225 km/h). The answer is yes! These two aircraft have identical engine and propeller setup, while the aerodynamics do not play a significant role in the lower speed portion.
另一个非常常见的问题是,Virus 912以225公里/小时巡航时 耗油率为9.5 lp/h,Virus SW 80在相同速度下是否有同样的耗油率?答案是肯定的!这两架飞机有相同的发动机和螺旋桨,但在低速飞行时不同。

Please note that the Virus SW 80 and 100 are able to fly much faster with the same fuel consumption that others have. Of you can fly with the same speed and much lower fuel consumption than the rest. This means you will effective burn much less fuel on the same route and the difference can be quite dramatic. Ask a Flight Design CT owner – they cruise about 215-220 km/h (118-120 kts), while the Virus SW 100 with the same engine and fuel consumption does 273 km/h (147 kts)! This was proven during the 2008 NASA Challenge as well.
请注意,Virus SW 80和100能够以同样的耗油率却比其他飞机飞得更快。也可以说你以同样的速度飞行,Virus SW 80和100的耗油率却更低。所以说在同一条航线上我们使用更少的燃料,而且差别可能相当可观。问一位Flight Design CT的机主-他以时速大约215-220公里/小时(118-120 kts)巡航,而Virus SW 100使用和他相同的引擎和燃料消耗速度却是273公里/小时(147 kts)! 这在2008年NASA的挑战中也得到了证实。

Is there a parking brake?
是否有停留刹车?
The parking brake is available as an option together with Beringer high performance tyres and wheel brakes.
停留刹车 、Beringer高性能轮胎和车轮制动是客户自主选项,。

What is the typical baggage allowance?
Baggage space is the solid luggage compartment behind the seats, which is easily accesible. Baggage allowance varies upon the level of equipment, etc. and can be calculated for each individual aircraft using the formulas in Flight manual and Maintenence manual, Section Weight and Balance.
行李可以放在座位后面的固定行李舱,使用非常方便。行李重量限额是随着机载设备的不同而有所不同,可以通过飞行手册、维修手册、重量与平衡计算出每架飞机的行李重量。

However, typical values for the Virus SW are 33 kgs (73 lbs) for aircraft without the rescue system and 18 kgs (40 lbs) when the rescue system is installed on board.
对于没有降落伞救生系统的飞机来说, Virus SW的行李标准是33公斤(73磅),对于配备救援系统设备的飞机,行李标准为18公斤(40磅)

Is there a side luggage access door?
是否配有行李舱门?
The Side luggage access door is available as an option and provides easy and direct access to the solid luggage container from the outside. It features a lock so all your items inside will be safe. For much larger objects, the access to the luggage copartment is through the cabin – the seats fold in seconds and this provides a large opening and additional access to the luggage compartment.
侧边的行李门是客户自助选装项目,使用侧门可以方便的在机外从固定行李舱拿取物品。它配有一个安全锁,行李安全会更加有保障。对于大件物品,可以先折叠座椅(此步骤几秒就可以方便完成),行李可以通过宽敞的机舱放入行李舱

Can you fly without the door for aerial photography?
可以拆掉舱门来进行航拍吗?
Yes. You can remove one door completely, whereas the other door must be in place, closed and locked. With this configuration there are no extra airspeed restrictions, however the maximum recommended airspeed is 230 km/h (125 kts). Removing the door is a simple and quick procedure and only requires two safety pins to be removed.
可以。你可以完全拆掉一边舱门,但另一边门必须在位,并且关闭上锁。这种状态下没有特殊的空速限制,但是最大推荐的空速是230公里/小时(125 kts)。拆卸舱门是一个简单而快捷的步骤,只需移除两个安栓即可。

Time needed to dismount the wings?
拆卸机翼需要多长时间?
The wings are easily assembled and dismounted, shoud this be required. All control connections are self-fitting, so one must only connect the fuel lines with the provided click-on connectors and the system resembles the assembly system of modern gliders. All together it never takes more than 15 minutes, with experience even 5 minutes will be enough!
机翼非常容易安装和拆卸,所有的控制连接都是自拟合的,所以,只需一个人将燃料线路与提供点连接起来即可,此系统就像现代滑翔机的装配系统一样方便。所有这些步骤都不超过15分钟,
而且对于熟练操作的人来说只需5分钟就可以完成。

How is flutter resistance with higher speeds?
高速度的颤振性能如何?
All control surfaces are ballanced in a new way to prevent any kind of flutter. This includes a completely new approach to elevator ballancing (integrated balancing weights to reduce drag), rudder ballancing (integrated weights + added ventral fin for stability). Ailerons, of course, are balanced with a large safety margin as well.
Ground vibration testing and test flights have demonstrated that the Virus SW is indeed flutter free throughout the operational envelope up to Vd.
所有的操控面都采用了一种新方法来防止任何形式的颤振。这包括运用一种全新的方法来提高升降舵的反应速度(平衡重量来减少阻力),方向舵的平衡(阶梯重量分配+增加垂直尾翼的稳定性)。副翼也很大程度提高了安全裕度。
地面颤震测试和实际飞行测试都已证实,Virus SW确实在正常使用速度包线内到最大俯冲速度之间都不存在颤震现象。

What are NASA Challenges and what exactly did the Virus SW win in 2007 and 2008?
美国宇航局挑战是什么? 2007年和2008年,Virus到底赢得了什么?
See links:
请点击如下链接
/news/674
/news/675
/news/907

Can I do aerobatics, spins in the Virus SW?
是否可以做特技动作,Virus SW可以做自旋吗?
The design basis of the Virus SW follow the strictest EASA CS-22, CS-VLA and CS-23 (sections) certification standards, as well as their FAA FAR counterparts. More than a year of ground structural and vibration tests went by without a glitch, followed by an extensive flight test programme with more than 100 hours cumulative tests. Virus SW is a high-performance airplane and not suitable for aerobatics, despite the +4 G, -2 G allowable loads. Pipistrel cannot prevent people doing aerobatic maneuvers in the SW, but we do not approve it – the reason is in aerodynamics. The Virus SW has so little drag that it picks up speed MUCH quicker than other aircraft. This can be dangerous in aerobatic maneuvers (also spins, which are completely recoverable) and an average pilot can very quickly overstress the airframe because of airspeed. The aircraft can reach 350 km/h (190 kts) in a dive in a matter of seconds!
该Virus 912的设计遵循最严格的EASA CS-22、CS-VLA、FAA FAR和LTF-UL(sections)认证标准
经历一年多的地面结构和振动测试中没有出现任何故障,随后又进行了一项超过100小时大规模飞行压力测试。Virus SW是一款高性能飞机,并不适合做特技飞行,尽管拥有+4 G, -2 G允许载荷。但 Pipistrel无法限制人们在SW版本中进行特技飞行,但我们不鼓励这么做,原因是在空气动力方面。Virus SW的阻力很小,所以它比其他飞机更容易加速。这在特技飞行中是很危险的(包括自旋,其完全可以改出),这架飞机会在短短几秒钟内俯冲加速到350公里/小时(190 节)! 大多飞行员会因为过快速度而容易过度操控飞机使飞机过载

Exterior paint
表面油漆
The paint used is a special acrylic based pigment, which is applied already during the molding process. Pipistrel aeroplanes are not after-painted like most other aeroplanes – instead, paint is applied onto/into the structure while moding. This makes the paint much more durable and resistant to UV light and environmental contaminants. Recommendations for care and cleaning of the aircraft can be found in the Flight manual and Maintenence manual, section Handling and Maintenence, chapter Keeping your aircraft in perfect shape.
所使用的颜料是一种特殊的丙烯酸颜料,这种颜料已得到广泛成熟应用。Pipistrel飞机并没有像其他大多数飞机那样经常需要补漆,而是在结构上涂上油漆。这使得油漆更加耐久和耐紫外线。对飞机的维护和清洁方面可以参考飞行手册和维修手册,这会帮助你将飞机保持完美外形。

Is the leather upholstery offered as optional equipment true leather? What colours are available?
皮革内饰是否可以选为真皮? 有什么可选颜色?
Yes, we use 100% genuine NAPA leather with Bovine texture in choice of colors which are published on our website (see Gallery). The customer can choose the color of the seats and surrounding upholstery (side carpets, firewall, instrument panel pockets etc) separately. Up to two different colors per aircraf can be selected, for example: Red seats with Vanilla interior.
是的,我们选用100%真皮和牛皮纹理(可以在我们的网站上查到)。客户可以分别选择座椅的颜色和周围的装饰颜色(侧边地毯,防火墙,仪表盘等)。每架飞机可以选择两种不同的颜色,例如: 红色座椅与草绿色内部装潢搭配:
The color of the middle stripe in the S-Wing livery can be matched to the color of the chosen leather seats.
s翼中条纹的颜色可以与所选真皮座椅的颜色相匹配。

Is Virus SW really as fast as you claim?
Virus SW 真的和宣传中说的那样快吗?
True to Pipistrel performance, all data published for the Virus SW is accurate and acquired form test flights. Please note that the data is published for the take-off mass of 472.5 kg and ISA Sea Level conditions.
Based on experience, you can for a hot summer day expect the the cruise speed figures to be a maximum 10 km/h (5 kts) less than those in ISA Sea Level and take-off performance degraded by maximum 20%. Regardless, Virus SW is the best performing light aircraft on the market.
对Pipistrel性能来说,所有Virus SW发布的数据数据都经过飞行测试得到。注意,这些公布的数据都是以472.5公斤起飞重量和ISA平均海平面为条件。

根据经验,在炎热的夏天,预计巡航速度最多减少10公里/小时(5节),起飞性能比在ISA平均海平面下最多下降20%。但Virus SW仍然是市场上表现最好的轻型飞机。

Is it possible to buy an extra pair of wings for the SW?
是否可以为Virus SW多购置一对机翼?
People sometimes ask – is it possible to buy an extra pair of wings for the SW, for example the Virus SW + long (Sinus 15 m / 49 ft) wings? NO, this is not possible due to structure of both wings. Virus SW is sold only with 10.71 m wings and the whole structure and geometry is based on this design to be optimised for speed, safety and comfort.

人们有时会问,是否有可以为Virus SW购买额外的一对机翼,例如,Virus SW + long (Sinus 15 m / 49 ft)的机翼?答案是否定的,这是不可能的,因为两种机翼的结构是不同的。Virus SW只配备10.71 m的机翼,整个结构和几何学都是以优化速度,安全舒适性设计的。

Is it possible to have Rotax 914 Turbo with the Virus SW?
是否有可能将Rotax 914 Turbo配备在Virus上?
No. Not for the moment at least. The Virus SW with 100 HP is already the fastest cruiser (75%) in its class, so the wish for the 914 is slightly redundant.
不。至少暂时不会。100马力的Virus SW在同级别中已经是续航速度最快(75%功率输出),所以对914有些多余。

Propellers
螺旋桨
On the Virus SW 80 there is a choice of a variable and featharable manual propeller, or a constant speed non-featharable electric propeller.
On the Virus SW 100 there is a choice of the variable non-featharable manual or constant speed propeller.
在Virus SW 80中,可选择一个手动可顺桨的螺旋桨,或一个恒定速度无法顺桨的电动螺旋桨。
在Virus SW 100中,可选择一个手动可变桨距无法顺桨的螺旋桨 或是一个恒定速度螺旋桨。

Why are airbrakes not part of standard equipment?
为什么减速板不属于标配设备?
Based on two facts we have decided not to include airbrakes in the standard equipment of the Virus SW:
我们决定不在Virus上配置减速板 基于两方面考虑:
a) The aircraft has shorter wings and has more sink with full flaps at landing speeds.
a)飞机机翼较短,当放下着陆襟翼减速至最终进近速度后飞机有足够明显的下降率。
b) There is a considerable number of pilots who primarily fly on long runways.
b)绝大多数飞行员主要在长跑道上着陆。
Our recommendation would be to install airbrakes on the aircraft if your customer intends to operate from runways shorter than 500 m (1700 ft) in lenght, or from runways which require a steep approach. The additional weight for airbrakes is 3 Kgs.
我们的建议是,如果客户想要在距离500米(1700英尺)以下的跑道上运行,或者需要在陡峭的跑道的上操作,就可以在飞机上安装减速板。其额外重量是3公斤。

What is the landing distance over 15 m obstacle, with and without airbrake?
有无减速板下,着陆距离(15米障碍物)分别是多少?
With the use of the airbrake 240 m (until full stop),
有减速板为240米(到全停)
without airbrake 495 m.
无减速板为495米

Max a/c weight for parachute (472,5 kg or more)?
配有降落伞飞机的最大重量是472.5公斤 还是 更重?
The serial version parachute is for 472.5 kg and cleared up to 310 km/h (168 kts). The same parachute at 550 kg is cleared up to 250 km/h.
All current certificates in EU are currently for 472.5 kg, this is why the first number is quoted.
降落伞版本重量限制也是472.5公斤,最大使用速度是310公里/小时(168 kts)。同样降落伞在550公斤时使用速度限制为250公里/小时。
目前欧盟的所有证书都是472.5公斤

Is the ultimate load factor 1,86x 4/-2 g i.e. 7.5/-3,75 g for 472,5 kg?
极限载荷系数是多少? 在472.5公斤时 1.86倍 的4g/-2g 是 7.5g/-3.7g吗?

No, the ultimate load factor is actually much more at 472.5 kg. The operational envelope is rated at +4 G, -2 G at 600 kg, which is the design load of the aeroplane. This means that the structure must withstand at least as safety factor of 1.875 more at 600 kgs. This calculates to at least +7.5 G and – 3.75 G at 600 kg! However the Virus SW is much stronger than this as certain main structural components are able to withstand more than 10 G of load, which was proven during a higly elaborate structural testing. Considering the legal limitation of 472.5 kg the safety factory then become much much larger than what is the industry standard…
不是,472.5kg时的极限载荷将远高于这个数。
在600 kg时的操作包线为+4 G, -2 G。 此为飞机的设计载荷。这意味着该结构必须至少能承受1.875倍安全载荷系数,600公斤时至少是+7.5 G和- 3.75 G,
原因在于部分主要的结构组件能够承受超过10G的负载,这在结构测试中得到了证实。 因为考虑到472.5 kg的法律限制,可以看出Pipistrel设计标准远高于行业标准!

What is the weight of the airbrake system?
减速板系统有多重
Complete system contributes 3.5 kg of weight.
整个系统的重量为3.5公斤。

What is the maximum baggage alowance (weight and volume)?
行李的最大重量(重量和体积)是多少?
Volume is about 280 L when the parachute is NOT installed and about 230 L with the parachute rescue system installed.
Baggage space is the solid luggage compartment behind the seats, which is easily accesible. Baggage allowance varies upon the level of equipment, etc. and can be calculated for each individual aircraft using the formulas in Flight manual and Maintenence manual, Section Weight and Balance.
However, typical values for the Virus SW are 33 kgs (73 lbs) for aircraft without the rescue system and 18 kgs (40 lbs) when the rescue system is installed on board.
当没有降落伞救生系统时行李体积约为280 L,安装降落伞救生系统后行李体积约230 L。
并可根据飞行手册和维修手册的公式、节重和平衡计算出每架飞机的重量。
行李可以放在座位后面的固定行李舱,使用非常方便。行李重量限额是随着机载设备的不同而有所不同
可以通过飞行手册、维修手册、重量与平衡计算出每架飞机的行李重量
对于没有降落伞救生系统的飞机来说, Virus SW的行李标准是33公斤(73磅),对于配备救援系统设备的飞机,行李标准为18公斤(40磅)

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